Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Page: 152-157
Effect of Sowing Methods on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Through Zero and Other Tillage Method
Karim Bakhsh, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
Zulfiqar Al Mastoie, Directorate Agriculture Research Usta-Muhammad at Jaffarabad, Balochistan, Pakistan
Abdul Sattar Khetran, Agriculture Research Institute-Sariab (A. R. I) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
Tariq Al Mastoie, Office of The Deputy Director Agriculture Soil Fertility Jaffarabad, Balochistan, Pakistan
Bilal Hussain Mastoie, Agriculture Research Institute-Sariab (A. R. I) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
Sayed Jahangeer Shah, Agriculture Development Institute-Khanpur, Usta Muhammad, Balochistan, Pakistan
Zahoor Ahmed Khetran, Pakistan Agriculture Research Council-PARC (BARDCs) Agriculture Research Institute Jaffarabad, Balochistan, Pakistan
Khalid Iqbal, Agriculture Research Institute-Sariab (A. R. I) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
Binish Baig, Government Boys High School Noor-Pur-Jamal Usta Muhammad, Jafrabad, Balochistan, Pakistan
Received: Jun. 19, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2020;       Published: Oct. 12, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20200805.17      View  16      Downloads  19
Abstract
The study was carried out during the year 2017-18 to check the effect of sowing methods on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) through zero and other tillage methods, variety Sunheri was sown through different sowing methods. Randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used with three treatments T1 = Drilling zero tillage, T2 = broadcasting after tillage and T3 = drilling after tillage. The experiment was replicated three times. The observations were recorded on plant height (cm), tillers m-2, spike length (cm), spiklets spike-1, grains spike-1, seed index (1000-grain wt., g), biological yield (kg ha-1) and grain yield (kg ha-1). The results of the study summarized that the wheat variety sown by drilling (after tillage) showed remarkably superior performance with 81.03 cm plant height, 452.67 tillers m-2, 14.46 cm spike length, 17.33 spikelets spike-1, 45.33 grains spike-1, 50.66 g seed index (1000-grain weight), 6866.7 kg ha-1 biological yield and 3595.50 kg ha-1 grain yield. Drilling after tillage was followed by sowing method broadcasting after tillage with 77.06 cm plant height, 313.33 tillers m-2, 9.26 cm spike length, 14.66 spikelets spike-1, 36.00 grains spike-1, 40.00 g seed index (1000-grain weight), 6533.3 kg ha-1 biological yield and 3060.0 kg ha-1 grain yield. On the other hand drilling with zero tillage sowing method showed small 76.10 cm plant height less number of 320.67 tillers m-2, 8.00 cm spike length, 12.00 spikelets spike-1, 33.66 grains spike-1, 36.00 g seed index (1000-grain weight), 6500.0 kg ha-1 biological yield and 3071.7 kg ha-1 grain yield. It is concluded that the crop sown by drilling after tillage produced more grain yield of 3595.50 kg ha-1 as compared to drilled with zero tillage 3071.7 kg ha-1 and broadcasted after tillage (3060.0 kg ha-1).
Keywords
Wheat Variety, Sowing Methods Effect, Growth and Yield, Zero and Other Tillage Method
To cite this article
Karim Bakhsh, Zulfiqar Al Mastoie, Abdul Sattar Khetran, Tariq Al Mastoie, Bilal Hussain Mastoie, Sayed Jahangeer Shah, Zahoor Ahmed Khetran, Khalid Iqbal, Binish Baig, Effect of Sowing Methods on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Through Zero and Other Tillage Method, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 152-157. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200805.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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