Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2020, Page: 29-40
Phytochemicals, Pharmacological Properties and Biotechnological Aspects of Highly Medicinal Plant: Datura stramonium
Aamana Batool, Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Zahra Batool, Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Rahmatullah Qureshi, Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Naveed Iqbal Raja, Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Received: Jun. 20, 2016;       Accepted: Jul. 22, 2016;       Published: Apr. 28, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20200802.12      View  60      Downloads  60
Abstract
Plants are the backbone of the life on earth. They are essential resource for human well- being and among them Datura stramonium is one of highly important plants commonly known as Jimson weed. It is an annual herb found in temperate and sub-tropical areas. Its medicinal significance is mainly because of higher amounts of tropane alkaloids and traditionally used throughout the world. It possesses many phytoconstituents including alkaloids, flavonoids, amino acids, tannins, saponins, carbohydrates, terpenoids, steroidal glycosides and phenols. Various pharmacological activities i.e. anti-asthmatic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory are exhibited by the plant. Secondary metabolites obtained from species of Datura genus produce tropane alkaloids which have influence on human nervous system and are used in medicines. Despite of its medicinal importance it is a potentially poisonous plant and known as plant hallucinogen. Its random use can cause restlessness and acute poisoning may lead to death. In global increasing energy demand scenario, Datura stramonium plant seeds oil is proved as an efficient source for biodiesel production. This paper will present an exclusive review with respect to the phytochemicals, ethno-medicinal, pharmacological and biotechnological aspects which will lay a solid foundation for further scientific research work to exploit the medicinal and industrial benefits of this plant.
Keywords
Datura stramonium, Jimson Weed, Tropane Alkaloids, Phytochemicals, Pharmacology, Biotechnology
To cite this article
Aamana Batool, Zahra Batool, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Naveed Iqbal Raja, Phytochemicals, Pharmacological Properties and Biotechnological Aspects of Highly Medicinal Plant: Datura stramonium, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 29-40. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20200802.12
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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