Volume 7, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 117-124
Investigation of Nut Qualities of Pecan Cultivars Grown in China
Xiaodong Jia, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Huiting Luo, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Mengyang Xu, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Gang Wang, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Jiping Xuan, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Zhongren Guo, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China; The Jiangsu Provincial Platform for Conservation and Utilization of Agricultural Germplasm, Nanjing, China
Received: Sep. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 7, 2019;       Published: Oct. 20, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20190705.13      View  26      Downloads  6
Abstract
Pecan had been introduced into China for over one hundred years and had raised great attentions as a woody oil crop these years, but the detailed nut qualities of pecan cultivars grown in China had not been evaluated before. To access the adaptabilities of different pecan cultivars after introduce and for future utilization of these cultivars, the pecan nut quality had been evaluated in this article. Both physical and chemical nut quality traits were evaluated on Chinese-grown pecan cultivars, including nut weight, nut shape, shell thickness, kernel, lipid, fatty acid content, tocopherol content, antioxidant capacities of lipids, phenolics contents and their antioxidant capacities. Great variability existed among different cultivars in most of the nut quality traits. After introduced, physical traits changed in different ways, which suggested that cultivars have different adaptabilities. Cultivars 'Desirable', 'Western' or 'Kanza' are high in oleic acid, while cultivar 'Pawnee' is high in γ-tocopherol. Cultivar 'Mahan' had significant high values of total phenolic content (TPC), condensed tannins (CT), total flavonoid content (TFC), ellagic acid content and antioxidant capacity of defatted kernel compared to other cultivars, which made it an suitable material for further study of phenolics in pecan. This article provided detailed analyses of the nut qualities of Chinese-grown pecan cultivars for the first time, which can be useful for future studies.
Keywords
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch, Nut Quality, Physical Trait, Lipid, Phenolic, Antioxidant Capacity
To cite this article
Xiaodong Jia, Huiting Luo, Mengyang Xu, Gang Wang, Jiping Xuan, Zhongren Guo, Investigation of Nut Qualities of Pecan Cultivars Grown in China, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2019, pp. 117-124. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20190705.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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