Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2017, Page: 1-5
Performance Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Varieties Under Supplemental Irrigation at Erer Valley, Babile District, Ethiopia
Gebisa Benti, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Gezu Degefa, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Biri, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Fikadu Tadesse, Department of Horticulture, Fedis Agricultural Research Center, Harar, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 4, 2016;       Accepted: Nov. 25, 2016;       Published: Jan. 18, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20170501.11      View  3084      Downloads  142
Abstract
Farmers in Babile district of Ethiopia cultivate tomato from unknown seed sources and small fruit sizes, which lead to low fruit yield. The framers also produce this variety only during main cropping season even though irrigation water is available. Farmers should produce improved tomato variety at least two times per year using irrigation water to increase their production on their limited land. As tomato is being consumed, growers have to grow crops with high yield, good quality and well performed to their environment. Considering these problems, a field experiment was conducted at the Erer valley on farmers land during offseason of the two consecutive years to evaluate tomato varieties under irrigation water and recommend high fruit yielding variety to the area. The results revealed that there was significant (P≤0.05) differences among varieties for plant height, days to flowering, fruits per cluster, clusters per plant, average fruit weight and fruit yield per hectare, except primary branches per plant. 'Melkashola' and 'Bishola' out yielded among the varieties; 30.86 t ha-1 and 26.96 t ha-1, respectively over the two years. 'Melkashola' and 'Bishola' 'Melkashola' and 'Bishola' advanced fruit yield per hectare by about 40% and 35% over the 'Babile local', respectively. However, farmers preferred 'Melkashola' due to its fruit size and shape over 'Bishola' which is extreme in fruit size and was susceptible to sun scald. Therefore, 'Melkashola' was recommended to the area for its high fruit yield per hectare under irrigation during offseason cropping.
Keywords
Bishola, Irrigation, Melkashola, Tomato
To cite this article
Gebisa Benti, Gezu Degefa, Alemayehu Biri, Fikadu Tadesse, Performance Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Varieties Under Supplemental Irrigation at Erer Valley, Babile District, Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20170501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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