Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Page: 216-224
Morpho-physiological Performance of Selected Somaclones (SC) Which were Produced in Vitro Salinity Stress in the Field for Two Sequential Years
Mst. Kohinoor Begum, Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md. Shariful Islam, Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md. Obaidul Islam, Dept. of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Received: Jun. 28, 2015;       Accepted: Jul. 9, 2015;       Published: Jul. 28, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20150304.18      View  3796      Downloads  90
The experiments were carried out at the farm of Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh during 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 cropping seasons for the production of somaclones in vitro to select salinity tolerant lines of sugarcane. Sugarcane varieties Isd 28, Isd 35, Isd 36, Isd 37 and Isd 38 were used for selection of salinity tolerant lines. Different levels of salt were used with MS medium for in vitro plantlet regeneration. The in vitro selected somaclones were evaluated in the field for two sequential years. Somaclones SC4, SC7, SC8 of Isd 28, SC1, SC7, SC9 of Isd 35, SC4, SC6 of Isd 36, SC3, SC9 ,SC10 of Isd 37 and SC3, SC7, SC8 of Isd 38 performed better in morpho-physiological performance at field condition in two sequential years. So those lines should be considered as salinity tolerant lines for further study.
Morpho-physiological, Somaclone, Sugarcane, Salinity Stress, Sequential Year
To cite this article
Mst. Kohinoor Begum, Md. Shariful Islam, Md. Obaidul Islam, Morpho-physiological Performance of Selected Somaclones (SC) Which were Produced in Vitro Salinity Stress in the Field for Two Sequential Years, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 216-224. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150304.18
Ali, M. I.; Imam, S. A. and Ali. M. K. 1989. Ropa Akh Chas (Sugarcane cultivation by Spaced transplanting) in Bangla, Sugarcane Research and Training Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh.
Begum, M. K.; Alam, M. R.; Islam, M. S. and. Arefin, M. S. 2012. Effect of water stress on physiological characters and juice quality of sugarcane. Sugar Tech., 14(2):161–167.
Bruno, L. 2012. Saline Agriculture in the 21st Century: Using Salt Contaminated Resources to Cope Food Requirements. Journal of Botany, 2012 (2012), Article ID 310705, 7 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/310705
Chen, W.H.; Davey, M.R.; Power, J.B. and Cocking, E. C. 1987. Control and maintenance of plant regeneration in sugarcane callus cultures. J. Exp. Bot., 39:251-251.
El-Farash, E.M.; El-Aref, H.M. and Fahmy, F.G. 1996. Exploring genotypic potential of selected sugarcane somaclones for improve sugar content and yield. Assiut J. Agric. Sci. 27: 225-238.
Jabber, M. A.; Ghafur, M. A.; Begum, M. K. and Arefin, M. S. 2006. Maturity status of new promosing sugarcane genotypes and evaluation for gur quality. Bangladesh J. Sugarcane, 24-27: 41-46.
Jimenez, E.; Perez, P. J.; Martin, D. and Garcia, I. 1991. Study of sugarcane (Sacchaum spp.) populations obtained by in vitro micropropagation. Centro Agricola, 18: 74-78.
Kashem, N.; Ahmed, T.; Jabber, M. A. and Abdullah, M. 2005. Performance of some selected sugarcane varieties in farmers’ field condition under Tista meander floodplain soils. Bangladesh J. Sugarcane, 24-27: 98-101.
Killen, T.C. and Andrew, R.H. 1969. Measurement of drought resistance in Corn. Agron. J., 61: 669-672.
Kader, M. A. 2006. Salt Stress in Rice: Adaptive Mechanisms for Cytosolic Sodium Homeostasis. Ph.D Thesis. Dep. Plant Biol. Forest Genet. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences .Uppsala. Sweden.
Lingle, S.E. and Wiegand, C. L. 1996. Growth and yield responses of sugarcane to saline soil:II. Sucrose biochemistry in individual internodes. Proc. Inter. American Sugarcane Seminars, 93-102.
Maralappanavar, M.S.; Kuruvinashetti, M.S.; and Harti, C.C. 2000. Regeneration, establishment and evaluation of somaclones in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Euphytica, 115: 173-180.
Mahadevan, A. and Sridhar, R. 1982. Methods in physiological plant pathology, 2nd ed. Sivakami Pub. 316. Indira Nagar. India.
Martinez-Beltran J. and Manzur C.L. 2005. Overview of salinity problems in the world and FAO strategies to address the problem. Proc. Int. Salinity Forum, Riverside, California, April 2005, p. 311–313.
Mohan, M.M.; Naraynan, S.L. and Ibrahim, S.M. 2000. Chlorophyll stability index (CSI): its impact on salt tolerance in rice. Dep. Agric. Bot. Agric.College and Res. Inst., Tamil Nadu Agric. Univ., Madurai, India.
Naritoom, K.; Sooksathan, K.; Korpradittskul, V.; Suksathan, I; Visessuwan, R.; Burikam, S.; Klingkong, S. and Suriyachaiyakorn, M. 1993. Plant regeneration from shoot tip culture of sugarcane. Kasetsart J. Natural Sci., 27: 286-291.
Rahman, M. M.; Podder, B. P.; Kabiraj, R. C.; Alam, K. S.; and Rahman, M. A. 2008. Performance of some released sugarcane varieties under Thakurgaon Sugar Mills Zones. Bangladesh J. Sugarcane, 30: 127-131.
Rosas, H. G., Garcia, S. S., Reyes, G.R., Ontiveros, J. L.R. and Villasenor, A.C.R. (2003). Preliminary results on in vitro selection for tolerance to chloride excess in avocado. Revista Chapingo Serie Hort., 9(1): 39-43.
Samad, M.A., Begum, S., Majid, M.A. (2001). Somaclonal variation and irradiation in sugarcane calli for selection against red rot, water logged conditions and delayed or non-floweringcharacters. IAEA-TECDOC-1227: 45-50.
Spancer, G.L. and Meade, G.P. 1963. Cane sugar hand book. 9th ed. G.P. Meade, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. p. 17.
Subbarao, M. and Shaw, M.A.E. 1985. A review of research on sugarcane soils of Jamaica. Proc. Meeting West Indies Sugar Technol., 2: 343- 355.
Taghian, A. S. 2002. Expression of mutual tolerance to drought and salt stresses of the in vitro selected clones of sugarcane. Proc. 3rd Scient. Conf. Agric. Sci. Fac. of Agric., Assiut. Univ., Assiut, Egypt. 22 October. 2002. pp. 262-441.
Taghian, A.S., and Fahmy, F.G. 1998. Genetical studies on sugarcane plants derived from tissue culture. Assiut J. Agric. Sci., 29, 1: 113-131.
Watson, D.J. 1952. The physiological basis of variation in yield. Adv. Agron., 4: 101-145.
Xing, W. and Rajashekhar, C.B. 2001. Glycine betaine involvement in freezing tolerance and water stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ. Expt. Bot., 46: 21-28.
Browse journals by subject