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Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

Participatory varietal selection (PVS), which was used on sorghum in the East Hararghe, Ethiopia, has demonstrated success in identifying a greater number of farmer-preferred varieties in less time. The study's goals were to assess and choose improved sorghum varieties based on agronomic, yield, and yield parameter performance as well as farmer preferences. Eleven (11) Sorghum varieties including one local check were evaluated in RCBD with three replications at Meta and Kurfa Chale districts of East Hararghe zone in 2018, 2019 and 2020 main cropping season. According to their preferences and selection criteria, such as early maturity, bird damage, plant biomass, grain color and size, disease resistance, head size, and predicted yield, farmers were asked to rank the first five improved varieties out of 10 and one local varieties. Farmers thus favored the sorghum cultivars Adele, Dibaba, Gemedi, Chiro, Dano, and local check respectively. Days to flowering, Days to maturity, plant height, grain yield, and disease score were all recorded. The combined analysis' findings showed that the examined types differed significantly in all of the attributes. Therefore, Adele (42.74 Qt ha-1) produced the maximum yield, followed by Dibaba (40.45 Qt ha-1), Gemedi (40.09 Qt ha-1), and Dano (35.62 Qt ha-1), whereas Muyra-2 (30.36 Qt ha-1), and Jiru (31.55 Qt ha-1), respectively, produced the lowest yields. The results also revealed that farmers’ preferences in most cases coincide with the researchers’ selection. Based on the result of analyzed data and the farmers’ preference, the first three sorghum varieties namely; Adele, Dibaba and Gemedi were recommended for the farmers of the study area and similar agro-ecologies of East Hararghe mid altitude and similar agro-ecologies. Therefore, the selected varieties would be multiplied and distributed to the farmers in order to improve adoption and varietal diversity.

Sorghum, Selection Criteria, Varieties, Farmers’

Zeleke Legesse, Jifara Gudeta, Fikadu Tadesse, Alemayehu Biri, Hussein Abro, et al. (2023). Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Sciences, 11(5), 155-159.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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